Identifying Effective Factors on Acceptance and Establishment of Mobile Learning in Virtual Training Center for Academics

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Arak University, Arak, Iran

2 Social Communication Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Research Sciences Branch, Tehran, Iran


Background: Learning and instructing have been evolved through expanding the information and communication technology in recent years for fundamental changes. Mobile learning is the newest form of learning which is the use of mobile and portable tools in learning and teaching process. The mobile learning is favorable to all learners in institutes, universities, and especially in academic virtual training center because of lack of time and space limitation. The present study aimed to identify the factors which affect the acceptance and feasibility of mobile learning in virtual training center for academics.
Methods: In the present study, we used the literature review method. It is used in international and national database such as Irandoc, Magiran, SID, Noormags, tandf online, Eric, Science direct, and google scholar. Through searching keywords such as mobile learning, performing, and feasibility in related articles in 2010 to 2022, we finally selected and examined 32 articles related to selective criteria.
Results: The findings showed that technical, technological and infrastructure, aesthetical, attitudinal, cultural, social, economic, and legal factors should be taken into account to establish and promote the mobile learning in virtual training center for academics.
Conclusion: It is concluded that if the mentioned infrastructures and factors are provided, mobile learning would be used effectively in virtual training center for academics. Meanwhile, the function of mobile learning indicates that authorities all over the world are trying to design and apply instructional systems with regard to the present needs


Bernacki ML, Greene JA, Crompton H. Mobile technology, learning, and achievement: Advances in understanding and measuring the role of mobile technology in education. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2020;60:101827.
Yıldız G, Yıldırım A, Akça BA, Kök A, Özer A, Karataş S. Research trends in mobile learning. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 2020;21(3):175-96.
Barana A, Marchisio M, Sacchet M. Interactive feedback for learning mathematics in a digital learning environment. Education Sciences. 2021;11(6):279.
Fagan MH. Factors influencing student acceptance of mobile learning in higher education. Computers in the Schools. 2019;36(2):105-21. 5 Lin X, Su S. Chinese College Students’ Attitude and Intention of Adopting Mobile Learning. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology. 2020;16(2):6-21.
Mahmoodi F, Habibi Ramiani E, Babazadeh R. Effective Factors on The Acceptance of Mobile Learning Among Students of Tabriz University and Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Education Strategies in Medical Sciences. 2017;10(6):438-46.
Sandberg J, Maris M, De Geus K. Mobile English learning: An evidence-based study with fifth graders. Computers & Education. 2011;57(1):1334-47.
Aliaño ÁM, Hueros AD, Franco MG, Aguaded I. Mobile learning in university contexts based on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT). Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research (NAER Journal). 2019;8(1):7-17.
Barzegar R, Dehghan Zadeh H, Moghadam Zadeh A. From electronic learning to mobile learning: theoretical principles. Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences. 2012;3(2):35-41.
Mishra L, Gupta T, Shree A. Online teaching-learning in higher education during lockdown period of COVID19 pandemic. International Journal of Educational Research Open. 2020;1:100012.
Kumara B, Kumar B. Impact of ICT on reading habits of students: A survey. Asian Journal of Information Science and Technology. 2018;8(1):75-9. 12 Lai D, Mao C. A study on factors affecting the mobile learning of undergraduate students in China. Creative Education. 2014;2014.
Chase E, Herrod M, editors. College Student Behaviors’ and Attitudes towards Technology on Campus. Slippery Rock University. Slippery Rock. PA. Broadcast Educators Association Conference, Las Vegas, NV USA Retrieved; 2007. 
Baya’a N, Daher W. Learning mathematics in an authentic mobile environment: The perceptions of students. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies. 2009;3.
Saikat S, Dhillon JS, Wan Ahmad WF, Jamaluddin RAd. A systematic review of the benefits and challenges of mobile learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education Sciences. 2021;11(9):459.
Thatcher A, Mooney G. Managing Social Activity and Participation in Large Classes with Mobile Phone Technology. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies. 2008;2(3).
Siddaway AP, Wood AM, Hedges LV. How to do a systematic review: a best practice guide for conducting and reporting narrative reviews, metaanalyses, and meta-syntheses. Annual review of psychology. 2019;70:747-70.
Walker Z, Kho HH, Tan D, Lim N. Practicum teachers’ use of mobile technology as measured by the technology acceptance model. Asia Pacific Journal of Education. 2020;40(2):230-46.